Celiac Disease- Cause, Symptoms, Test, and Treatment.

Celiac Disease- Cause, Symptoms, Test, and Treatment.

“Celiac disease is like any other medical condition(Food Poisoning) but only understands by people who experienced it”. However, it is a rare disease.

In western countries, about 1 in 100 people have celiac disease. And about 4 percent of people have a doctor-diagnosed wheat allergy.

If someone is suffering from the celiac disease he must have gluten-free food. This avoidance of gluten is necessary. Although, before you go for a gluten-free diet, you must consult your doctor. Let’s get a clear view of celiac disease. Start with the meaning of Celiac disease-

What is celiac disease?

Celiac disease is gluten intolerance in human body. Other than this, it is an autoimmune sickness that can transpire in genetically predisposed people where the absorption of gluten cause damage in the small intestine. This attacks villi(small finger-like projection) that help in absorption of nutrients.

Celiac Disease- Cause, Symptoms, Test, and Treatment.

The disease is a little difficult to diagnose because it affects differently to different people.

Gluten is a combination of two protein and found in grains. For example, wheat, rye, spelt, and barley. These are the most commonly consumed grain in daily life.  And that’s why it more difficult to avoid it.

Gluten containing

What causes celiac disease?

The cause of celiac disease is the kind of interaction between genes, eating foods with gluten and other factors. Still, the exact reason is not known. However, the gut bacteria, GIT (Gastrointestinal tract) infection also developed celiac disease.

In some cases, Celiac disease becomes active after pregnancy, surgeries, and infections.

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Untreated Celiac Disease Cause Complications

Untreated Celiac disease can cause complication for long term like-

  • Malnutrition- as it damages the small intestine which affects the absorption of essential nutrients. And this leads to weight loss, slow growth, and anemia.
  • Due to malabsorption, it causes calcium and vitamin D deficiency and this leads to low bone density and weaker bones.
  • The malabsorption caused by celiac disease also cause problems in pregnancy and may become the reason of miscarriage also.
  • Some time untreated celiac disease cause lactose intolerance also. Because it damages the intestine.
  • If a person with celiac disease is not maintaining the gluten-free diet that it may develop several kinds of cancer, for example, small bowel cancer.

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Furthermore, let’s see the symptoms of celiac disease

Symptoms of Celiac disease

The common symptoms of celiac disease are-

  • Migraine and seizures
  • Anxiety and Depression
  • Anemia-Iron Deficiency
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Indigestion-Acidity and gas
  • Vomiting(Mostly occurs in kids)
  • Arthritis-Inflammation of joints
  • Constipation-Difficulty in passing stool
  • Skin problem like (itchy rashes on the skin)
  • Diarrhea-A Condition of loose, watery stool
  • Bloating- Swollen belly after eating anything
  • Weight loss- drastic decrease in body weight
  • Fatigue- Decrease energy level and weakness
  • Osteoporosis or osteopenia-Loss of too much bone density
  • Liver and biliary tract disease( like fatty liver, sclerosing cholangitis)

Moreover, to deal with the disease first you have to go for the celiac disease test.

Celiac Disease Test

A simple blood test is done to find out celiac disease. The test does for the antibodies available in blood more than the normal value. Which happens with the people having celiac disease only. However, these antibodies released by the immune system as an encounter of gluten.

celiac blood test

However, to get tasted for the Celiac disease you must be on a gluten-containing diet.

The best test to perform for celiac disease for both children and adults is with the tTG-Ig test. In this test, the screening of disease is done with the tissue Transglutaminase IgA antibodies. Accordingly, a high level of this antibody in the blood confirms the disease.

For young kids like around age 2, other antibodies that are Gliadin IgA and IgG antibodies should also be included.

Other tests for Celiac screening are-

  • EMA Test- EMA is IgA Endomysial antibody.
  • Total serum IgA-A IgA deficiency test
  • Deaminated gliadin peptide (DGP IgA and IgG) Test

Celiac Disease Treatment

Till now there is no specific medication for celiac disease. The only Celiac disease treatment is gluten avoidance.  So, the person has the disease should have gluten-free food all the time.

However, on the same note to make gluten-free diet here we have the list of source of gluten which you must avoid

Source of Gluten

Grains and Starches Contain GlutenWheat, Rye, Barley, Couscous, Farina, Triticalen, Spelt, Semolina, Kamut Matzo, Graham flour, Farina
Foods Often Contain GlutenFrench fries (often dusted with flour before freezing), Malt/malt flavoring, salad dressings, soups, commercial bullion and broths, cold cuts, processed cheese (e.g., Velveeta), mayonnaise, ketchup, burgers.

Malt vinegar, soy sauce, and teriyaki sauces, imitation crab meat, hot dogs, bacon, etc, egg substitute, tabbouleh, sausage,non-dairy creamer, fried vegetables/tempura gravy, marinades, canned baked beans cereals, commercially prepared chocolate milk, breaded foods, fruit fillings, and puddings, ice cream, root beer, energy bars, trail mix, syrups, seitan.

Wheatgrass, instant hot drinks, flavored, coffees and teas blue cheeses, vodka, wine coolers, meatballs, meatloaf communion wafers, veggie, roasted nuts, beer, oats (unless certified GF), oat bran (unless certified GF).

Miscellaneous sources of glutencosmetics, Shampoos, lipsticks, lip balm, Play-Doh, medications, non-self-adhesive stamps, and envelopes, vitamins, and supplements (check the label)

This is the list of all sources of gluten and all these items should be avoided by the person have celiac disease and gluten allergy.

Other than this, you must check the labels of eatable that you are purchasing from outside. Because gluten is the most common ingredient in them.

That’s all

Celiac is not a lethal disorder. So, you just need to get off the discomfort. Maintaining a daily diet is enough to control the disease.

Hope you like the information. Besides, if you have any query you write in our comment box.

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