Stomach Ulcer: Cause, Symptoms, and Treatment

Stomach Ulcer: Cause, Symptoms, and Treatment

A stomach ulcer is very painful in the stomach lining. A stomach ulcer is a type of peptic disease that affects both the stomach and intestines. A peptic ulcer is a sore in the upper digestive tract. There are two types of peptic ulcer first gastric ulcer and second is a duodenal ulcer, which forms in the upper part of the intestine.

 stomach ulcer

If the mucus layer is worn away and stop functioning effectively, the acid can damage the stomach tissues causing an ulcer. Stomach ulcers may be easily cured but they can become serve without proper treatment.

Causes of stomach ulcer

One in every ten people in western countries will suffer an ulcer in the stomach or small intestine. In the 1980s  research showed that ulcers are caused by infection with a bacteria called helicobacter pylori usually called H pylori.  A stomach ulcer is almost caused by the following:-

Lifestyle factors

Stomach ulcers may be caused by lifestyle factors like stress, alcohol, smoking, and spicy foods. But these factors make the symptoms of stomach ulcers. In which these factors smoking increases your stomach ulcer and reduces effective treatment.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory is medicines that are used to treat pain, fever, and inflammation.commonly used NSAIDs include Ibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen, diclofenac. While stomach acid is vital to the digestive process, it can cause damage. Normally the stomach has three protections against gastric acid: 1. Blood circulation that aids in the repair and renewal of cells in the stomach’s mucosal layer. 2. Bicarbonate produced by foveolar cells which helps neutralize stomach acid.

NSAIDs work to reduce pain by blocking the enzymes that are involved in the production of certain prostaglandins. prostaglandins are also protective of the mucous layer of the stomach.

H.pylori bacteria

H.pylori bacteria

helicobacter a type of bacteria. After many years, they can cause sores, called ulcers in the lining of your stomach or the upper part of your small intestine. For some people, the infection can lead to stomach cancer. H.Pylori infection doesn’t cause symptoms. People of all ages can be infected. The bacteria can affect the stomach lining and vulnerable to damage from the stomach acid. If you do have problems, some medicines can kill the germs and helps sore heals.

How H.Pylori affects your stomach?

Doctors thought people got an ulcer from stress, spicy foods, smoking or other lifestyle habits. But in 1982 scientists discovered H.Pylori that bacteria cause of stomach ulcers.

How can you get H.Pylori?

You can get  H.Pylori bacteria from food, water, utensils. You can also pick up the bacteria through contact with saliva or other body fluids of infected people. It is more common in countries and communities that lack clean water or a good sewage system. The germs live in the body for many years before symptoms start

Symptoms of stomach ulcer

The most common symptoms of stomach ulcer is a or gnawing pain in the middle of the abdomen between your chest and belly button. When your stomach is empty the pain will be more intense. Other common signs of a stomach ulcer include :

  • Weight loss
  • Bloating
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Heartburn
  • Not wanting to eat cause of pain
  • Anemia
  • Feeling light-headed and fainting

Stomach ulcer treatment

The treatment of a stomach ulcer depends on the cause of your ulcer. Most ulcers can be treated with a prescription from your doctor, but in rare cases, surgery may be required. If you have an actively bleeding ulcer talk to your doctor to discuss a treatment plan. You may also require a blood transfusion.

Most ulcers heal in a month or two. The primary goal of treatment is to reduce stomach acid and lower the risk of infections, shock, bleeding.

If the doctor thinks there is a stomach ulcer they first try to remove caused by:-

  • Changing the painkiller if the cause is thought to be NSAIDs.
  • If the cause is thought to be H.Pylori bacteria than a doctor trying the test and treat approach.
  • H2-receptor antagonist, which prevents the stomach from producing excess acid.
  • Pepto-Bismol drugs protect the stomach lining.

However, the treatment should be continued, especially if the ulcer due to an H.Pylori infection. It is also important to avoid drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco, and any spicy foods.

There are two types of stomach ulcer stress treatment:

Nonsurgical treatment:-

If H.pylori  is the cause of your stomach ulcer, you’ll need antibiotics and drugs called proton pump inhibitors  (PPIs). It blocks the stomach cells that produce acid. Your doctor may also recommend in addition to this treatment:-

  • Drugs that also block acid production such as the H2 receptor antagonist.
  • Follow-up endoscopy
  • Stopping use of NSAIDs

Useful bacteria that may have a role in killing off H.Pylori such as probiotics.

Nonsurgical treatment

If present, eliminating or reducing the use of NSAIDs and helping your ulcer to heal with medication. Medication can include :

  • Proton pump inhibitors also known as  PPIs reduce stomach acid by blocking the action of the parts of cells that produce acid. Medication that helps to reduce acid and promote healing. Lansoprazole(Prevacid), esomeprazole(Nexium), omeprazole(Prilosec), pantoprazole(Protonix). These all prescription and over the counter medications use for  Long term particularly at high dose may increase your hip, spine, wrist fracture.
  • If H.Pylori found in the digestive tract, your doctor may recommend a combination of antibiotics to kill the bacteria.  Antibiotic medications may include : levofloxacin(Levaquin),  tinidazole(Tindamax), Tetracycline(tetracycline),  Amoxicillin(Amoxil).  You likely need to take antibiotics for two weeks. These antibiotics used will be determined by where you live and current antibiotic resistance rates.
  • H-2 (histamine) blockers reduce acid productions which relieves ulcer pain and encourages healing. Acid blockers include the medication ranitidine(Zantac),cimetidine(Tagamet HB) and nizatidine(Axid AR).

Doctors may include an antacid in your drug regimen. Antacids neutralize reduced stomach acid and can provide rapid pain relief.

In some cases, doctors prescribe cytoprotective agents medications that help protect the tissues that line your stomach and small intestine.

Side effects of medications used to treat:-

  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headaches
  • Diarrhea

If any side effects are cause extreme discomfort, talk to your doctor about changing your medication.

Surgical Treatment:-

Surgery may be an option in rare cases. A complicated stomach ulcer will require surgery in the case for the ulcer that:-

  • Bleed
  • Continue to return
  • Tear through the stomach
  • Don’t heel

Surgical Treatment

Surgery may include:-

  • Tying off a bleeding artery
  • Removal of the entire ulcer
  • Sewing tissue from another site onto the ulcer
  • Cutting the nerve that controls stomach acid production.

Either of these complications requires urgent medical attention

People of the risk of stomach ulcers should include the following types of nutrients in your daily diet:-


Fiber reduces the risk of stomach ulcers. Apples, pears, oatmeals and other foods that are rich in fiber are good for ulcers in two ways. Fiber can lower the amount of acid in your stomach while easing bloating and pain.

Sweet potatoes

That is rich in vitamin A. It can help shrink stomach ulcers and may also prevent them. Spinach,  cantaloupe, carrots and beef liver also good doses of vitamin A.

Eating fresh fruit and vegetables

It is the key to a healthy digestive tract lining. Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants and contain cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. Blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, and blackberries also play a good role in your health.


It is important for maintaining a healthy immune system and healing wounds spinach, oysters and beef contains a high level of Zinc.


Probiotic yogurt can help reduce H.Pylori bacteria. It has been shown to slightly improve symptoms indigestion and the side effects of antibiotics. Add probiotics in your food. They may help ulcers by fighting an H.Pylori infection and helping treatments better. Foods like yogurt,  kimchi, kombucha, miso, sauerkraut, and tempeh are rich in bacteria called probiotics.

Avoid alcohol

it can irritate and erode the mucous lining in your stomach causes inflammation, bleeding.

Diet for stomach ulcer patients

Red Bell pepper

It is rich in vitamin C. It can help to protect you from ulcers in several ways. Vitamin C can also work on wound healing. Get this nutrient in strawberries, kiwis, citrus fruits, and broccoli.

Spicy foods

Some people find that spicy foods make their symptoms worse. Avoid it if it causes you pain.

Fatty foods

Avoid fatty foods it takes longer to digest. which can lead to belly pain and bloating.

Avoid milk

Doctors used to tell people to drink milk to treat their ulcers. Today we know can’t help prevent or relieve an ulcer. It makes things worse by prompting your stomach to make more acid.

Olive oil

Add olive oil in your diet. Olive oil help is responsible for preventing and treating H.Pylori infections, which are millions of cases gastritis and peptic ulcer.

Food poisoning

Also known as a foodborne illness caused by eating contaminated food. Food poisoning symptoms can start within hours of eating contaminated food often include nausea, vomiting,  or diarrhea.

Lifestyle and home remedies

Eliminating milk- Sometimes it makes your ulcer pain better than later cause excess acid, which increases pain.  Talk to your doctor about drinking milk.

  • Avoid alcohol- It irritates and erodes the mucous lining in your stomach causes inflammation, bleeding.
  • Fatty foods- Avoid fatty foods. It takes longer to digest. which can lead to belly pain and bloating.
  • Spicy foods- Avoid spicy foods. Some people find that it makes their symptoms worse. Avoid it if it causes you pain.

Spicy foods

  • Citrus food- Citrus foods seem to make sense that acidic foods like citrus and tomatoes would aggravate ulcers but their no strong evidence that they have any effect on them. Still, we all have unique reactions to foods so if acidic ones make your ulcer feel worse skip them.
  • More sleep- Try to get enough sleep. It can help your immune system and, Therefore counters stress. Avoid eating shortly before bedtime.
  • Aloe vera is an immune booster- Aloe vera gel is work as a natural detoxifier because it purifies the circulatory system and also cleans the digestive system. It can neutralize the effect caused by harmful bacteria. The immune booster ability of aloe vera is due to polysaccharides. Aloe vera heals wounds faster.

Lifestyle and home remedies

  • Don’t smoke it may interfere with the protective lining of the stomach. smoking also increases acid.


A stomach ulcer is worse. To prevent stomach ulcers is the spread of bacteria that might cause a stomach ulcer to wash your hands with soap and water regularly. Clean all your food and cook it thoroughly as you needed. Avoid foods that irritate your stomach like spicy food, citrus fruits, and fatty foods are common irritants. Avoid smoking because heavy smokers are more likely to develop duodenal ulcers than non-smokers. Heavy consumption of alcohol is shown to the development of an ulcer.

Stomach ulcers caused by NSAIDs stop using these medications if possible or limit their use and if you need to take NSAIDs, be sure to follow the recommended dosage and avoid alcohol while taking these medications. Take these medications with food and adequate liquids. Learn how to control your stress levels. Regular exercise and mind-body relaxation techniques like yoga, or tai chi and guided imagery are often helpful.

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